The grape varieties

Aromas and colours, 58 permitted grape varieties

An array of 58 grape varieties

The grape variety is at the core of a wine’s personality. The defining feature of IGP Pays d’Oc is to provide a range of wines running the gamut in terms of aroma and flavour due to an extensive array of 58 grape varieties. Their aromas are either expressed individually or as part of a blend.

An array of 58 grape varieties

The grape variety is at the core of a wine’s personality. The defining feature of IGP Pays d’Oc is to provide a range of wines running the gamut in terms of aroma and flavour due to an extensive array of 58 grape varieties. Their aromas are either expressed individually or as part of a blend.

Eight main grape varieties, but myriad possibilities

Eight main grape varieties, four reds and four whites, are used to produce IGP Pays d’Oc wines. However, there are thousands of other possibilities with 58 grape varieties permitted by the endorsement, but also by the geographical and climatic conditions of Pays d’Oc Mediterranean vineyards which have allowed countless grape varieties to thrive. Either international or authentically local, like Carignan and Syrah of Mediterranean origin, their aromas do not express themselves in the same way depending on the terroir, the personality of the winegrowers and the choice of single varietal or blends. But all of them have a history rooted in Languedoc and Roussillon.

Grape varieties

RED

Grape varieties

WHITES

Merlot, Cabernet-Sauvignon, Syrah, Grenache

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Alicante, Cabernet Franc, Caladoc, Carignan, Carménère, Cinsault, Cot (ou Malbec), Gamay, Marselan, Mondeuse, Morrastel, Mourvèdre, Muscat Petits Grains Rouges, Négrette, Nielluccio, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Portan et Tempranillo.

Chardonnay, Sauvignon, Viognier, Muscat à Petits Grains

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Altesse, Alvarinho, Bourboulenc, Carignan blanc, Chasan, Chenin, Clairette, Colombard, Gewurztraminer, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris, Gros Manseng, Macabeu, Marsanne, Mauzac, Muscat Petits Grains, Muscat d’Alexandrie, Petit Manseng, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Piquepoul, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Gris, Sémillon, Sylvaner, Terret, Ugni et Vermentino (ou Rolle).

Grape varieties

RED

Merlot, Cabernet-Sauvignon, Syrah, Grenache

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Alicante, Alvarinho, Cabernet Franc, Caladoc, Carignan, Carménère, Cinsault, Cot (ou Malbec), Gamay, Marselan, Mondeuse, Morrastel, Mourvèdre, Muscat Petits Grains Rouges, Négrette, Nielluccio, Petit Verdot, Pinot Noir, Portan et Tempranillo.

This grape variety first emerged in Bordeaux before reaching the vineyards of South-West France and Languedoc-Roussillon. It is the third most planted red grape variety in France after Grenache and Carignan. Merlot is a firm international favourite and a real force to be reckoned with in Pays d’Oc, which is the world’s leading producer with 21,000 hectares. Its broad-ranging aromatic spectrum – from fruity and velvety through to full-bodied and structured – secures it the lion’s share of a very varied range of red and rosé wines. Its aromatic complexity makes it a blending component for fine, age-worthy wine, but it also delivers supple, easy-drinking wines designed for fairly early drinking. In the IGP Pays d’Oc region, it is often blended with another grape variety for red and rosé wines and combined with, say, Cabernet-Sauvignon.

Grape varieties

WHITES

Chardonnay, Sauvignon, Viognier, Muscat à Petits Grains

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Altesse, Bourboulenc, Carignan blanc, Chasan, Chenin, Clairette, Colombard, Gewurztraminer, Grenache Blanc, Grenache Gris, Gros Manseng, Macabeu, Marsanne, Mauzac, Muscat Petits Grains, Muscat d’Alexandrie, Petit Manseng, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Piquepoul, Riesling, Roussanne, Sauvignon Gris, Sémillon, Sylvaner, Terret, Ugni et Vermentino (ou Rolle).

The global king of white grape varieties, Chardonnay originated in Burgundy and shows great talent in Pays d’Oc, securing it a place among elite white IGP Pays d’Oc wines. It extends over nearly 13,792 hectares in the region. In Languedoc-Roussillon, Chardonnay is also used to produce Crémant and Blanquette de Limoux, coupled with Mauzac and Chenin.

This grape variety first emerged in Bordeaux before reaching the vineyards of South-West France and Languedoc-Roussillon. It is the third most planted red grape variety in France after Grenache and Carignan. Merlot is a firm international favourite and a real force to be reckoned with in Pays d’Oc, which is the world’s leading producer with 21,000 hectares. Its broad-ranging aromatic spectrum – from fruity and velvety through to full-bodied and structured – secures it the lion’s share of a very varied range of red and rosé wines. Its aromatic complexity makes it a blending component for fine, age-worthy wine, but it also delivers supple, easy-drinking wines designed for fairly early drinking. In the IGP Pays d’Oc region, it is often blended with another grape variety for red and rosé wines and combined with, say, Cabernet-Sauvignon.

The global king of white grape varieties, Chardonnay originated in Burgundy and shows great talent in Pays d’Oc, securing it a place among elite white IGP Pays d’Oc wines. It extends over nearly 13,792 hectares in the region. In Languedoc-Roussillon, Chardonnay is also used to produce Crémant and Blanquette de Limoux, coupled with Mauzac and Chenin.

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